The nose is one of the most sensitive facial feature of a child, which can sometimes become host to viral infections and blockage of nasal airway. In a few cases, grass, ragweed and pollen can make an entry into the nose and trigger abnormal nose disorders.
Occurring in one out of every 7000 births, Choanal atresia is the most common nasal condition affecting newborn babies. Due to lack of oxygen, the child may face difficulty in breathing, resulting in bluish tinge of fingernails, lips and skin. The disease can also lead to chest retractions in the child as he breathes inward, or in some cases, nasal blockage affecting one side of the nose.
Intubation may be done to treat such a condition, where a tube is placed inside the baby’s mouth to help him breathe. Tracheostomy is another surgical method of creating a passage through the neck.
Sinuses are nothing but a set of air-filled cavities located around the eyes and the nose. They make the skull feel lighter and filter out many airborne particles that you breathe in. It moisturizes the dry air before entering the lungs, thus acting as a dehumidifier. Sinus congestion basically occurs due to accumulation of mucus fluid in the sinuses of your child. The accumulated fluid builds up, with difficulty in draining easily into the nose.
The primary cause of this infection is the irritants inflaming the nasal airways, so that mucus cannot drain normally. Some other sinus causes in children include allergies, fumes, cold air, dry air, air pollution, common cold and cigarette smoke. Common disorders such as deviated septum or polyps can make such infections more probable. Swimming or diving activities can also lead to pushing of water into the sinuses, causing an infection.
The common cold is a viral infection leading to headaches, coughing, sore throat, sneezing, nasal congestion and runny nose. This is commonly found in children, and is one of the biggest reasons why they miss school. Resting and drinking plenty of fluids is a good way of treating the common cold. Certain antibiotic medications, Echinacea, zinc and vitamin C may help in managing common cold.
Allergic Rhinitis, also known as Hay Fever, is an abnormal condition characterized by a reduced sense of smell and taste, sneezing, cough, nasal congestion and runny nose. Some other symptoms of Hay fever include drowsiness, swollen eyes, sinus pressure, facial pain, irritability and fatigue. A nasal condition like this may be seasonal, due to elevation of weeds, ragweed and pollen in the environment. Hay fever is also triggered by molds and pet dander.
Oral Corticosteroids and nasal corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation, while leukotriene, antihistamines and decongestants are used to relieve the symptoms. Rinsing out the nose with saline can also minimize the fever.
In case, any of these nasal conditions do not show any improvement for a long period of time, it’s advisable to seek professional assistance. Give us a call today for an expert consultation on your child’s health!