A number of reasons can contribute to development of excessive phlegm and mucus in throat. Immediate medical attention may be necessary in some cases, such as presence of blood in the phlegm. Let us see what triggers the production of these substances in the throat.
What Is Phlegm?
During an infection, the mucous membrane secretes a thick liquid substance known as phlegm, in the airways or the windpipe. It is a mixture of certain particles, pathogen that caused the infection such as virus or bacteria and the inflammatory cells developed during the infection. The basic purpose of phlegm is to filter the air we inhale, so that minute dust particles do not enter the respiratory system. White-colored phlegm is generally considered healthy, however, a different variation may be a sign of some infection.
Green-colored phlegm is generally seen in people suffering from pneumonia, while blood-red phlegm is related to bronchitis. People with smoking habits may notice phlegm that is generally dark brown in color. Occurrence of phlegm after eating is mainly due to excessive production of mucus at the back of the throat.
What Is Mucus?
Mucus is the yellowish-green substance that clogs your throat. The glands in your throat and nose are responsible for its production, with roughly 1-2 quarts of mucus produced daily by the lining of the sinus. It plays a vital role during the breathing process, as it prevents any foreign substance from entering or accumulating in the respiratory system. It can be really annoying to have mucus in the throat all the time.
What Are The Reasons Behind Excessive Production?
Mucus and phlegm can develop as a direct result of a disease, throat irritation or an infection. Here are some common causes to take note of:
- Infections such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, flu and common cold can result in unwanted production of phlegm.
- It can also be produced due to allergic reactions, resulting from irritants such as in hay fever and asthma.
- Mucus production is directly related to over exertion of the vocal cord, which is quite common for people who sing a lot or scream a lot.
- Smoking allows the dusty particles to get accumulated over the larynx, which results in dehydration of the vocal cords. In order to alleviate this dryness, phlegm is produced by the airways to line the passage.
How To Reduce It?
The most effective way to combat excess production of phlegm is to remove the root cause. Try not to put too much stress on the vocal cords, and stay away from irritants if you are sensitive to allergy. In case you are suffering from any kind of infection, it will generally go away in a few days. Forcing the phlegm out or inhaling steam can help you ease the discomfort. Antibiotics is not an effective choice, in case the phlegm is caused by viruses.
You need to maintain a good lifestyle with a properly balanced diet, plenty of fluids and sufficient rest to prevent the occurrence of any infection.