Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis

At ENT for Children, we have friendly and experienced staff that can provide your child with the most comfortable treatments for pharyngitis and tonsillitis. We are also here to answer any questions you may have regarding these conditions.

What is pharyngitis?

Popularly known as a sore throat, pharyngitis is a condition characterized by swelling and infection in the throat. It is important to note that the condition is highly contagious and it can spread if the child shares food and/or drinks with other kids. Pharyngitis can also be transmitted when an infected child sneezes or coughs.

What are the symptoms of pharyngitis?

Similar to other throat condition, the symptoms can vary based on the cause of the infection and the overall health of the child. The most prevalent symptoms associated with the condition include:

  • Sore throat
  • Headache and fever
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Hoarseness (pain during swallowing)
  • Rash on the body
  • Yellow patches on the back of the throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Watery or itchy eyes
  • Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain

How is pharyngitis diagnosed?

To provide the correct diagnosis, the physician will need to perform a physical examination, mostly of the throat, neck and jaw area. In addition to the physical exam, the physician will collect a sputum culture to determine the exact type of bacteria that is causing the infection. In the event that another condition is suspected, then the otolaryngologist may order a blood test.

How is pharyngitis treated?

The throat culture test is also performed to determine if the GABHS bacteria represents the cause of the sore throat. If they are identified, then the child will have to undergo an antibiotic treatment to prevent complications. In case the GABHS bacteria are not responsible for the infection, then the otolaryngologist will recommend an increased fluid intake and can prescribe pain medication and throat lozenges.

What is tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis refers to an inflammation of the tonsils; the condition can be easily identified by simply examining the tonsils: if they are enlarged, red and present a yellow/white coating, then it is very likely the child has tonsillitis. Similar to pharyngitis, the condition is contagious and it can spread by being in contact with an infected child.

What are the symptoms of tonsillitis?

The symptoms of tonsillitis are similar to the ones of pharyngitis, meaning sore throat, fever, pain when swallowing and swollen glands in the throat.

How is tonsillitis diagnosed and treated?

The treatment for tonsillitis will depend on the microorganisms responsible for the infection. To determine whether the cause is a bacteria or virus, the physician will have to perform a throat culture or a strep test.

If the culprit for the infection is a virus, then the doctor will recommend plenty of rest and increased fluid intake. For increased comfort, he will also recommend throat lozenges or mild pain medication. If the physician determines that a type of bacteria is responsible for the infection, then he will recommend an antibiotic treatment.

If your child is suffering from pharyngitis or tonsillitis, don’t hesitate to give ENT for Children a call. We use the most comfortable and efficient treatments to get your little one back on his feet again.