It’s easy to guess that sore throat is the most common throat problem that kids often face. Throat problems, especially from sore throat, are the blight of every parent raising young children. Many a times, seeing a child having difficulties in swallowing or due to sore throat can induce panic in any parent.
One way to mitigate against this is to ensure that you have a clear understanding of the common causes of sore throats and symptoms. Understanding this will help you know what to do when you observe certain symptoms and be able to react to them in a prompt and efficient manner. Here then, is all that you need to know about sore throats.
Symptoms Of Sore Throat
Sore throat is easily the most common throat problem in kids all over the world. The most prevalent symptom of the sore throat is difficulty in swallowing. Just like in adults, the child’s throat will feel sore and so the movement of food down the throat will induce pain making the child wince or cry when swallowing.
You are also likely to observe red and white patches on the throat if you ask the child to open his or her mouth and look inside. The child is also likely to have enlarged tonsils, which is a body’s natural reaction to an infection. Finally, the child might complain of headaches, a fever and generally shows signs of discomfort and illness.
What Causes Sore Throats?
Sore throats can come be caused by either virus or bacterial infections. Almost all sore throat infections are transmitted through saliva; either by contact through an infected person coughing or sneezing in the vicinity of others or by contact through infected hands or personal items. Incubation period for sore throat infections ranges from 2 days to a week or two before the symptoms begin to show. Other causes for sore throats include allergies, or other virus such as Coxsackie virus, which although causes sore throat, it not related to the Strep bacteria that causes strep throat.
Treatment Of Sore Throat
When treating sore throats, ENT specialists will usually advise that you wait for a couple of days to determine what the cause of the sore throat is. Normally, if you see the symptoms described above, then it is likely that your child has strep throat and needs to see a doctor. The reason for waiting is because if the throat problem is being caused by something else other than strep bacteria (such as allergies for example), then you have a chance to deal with the cause of the allergic reaction before you rush to the doctor.
Obviously this all depends on the overall well-being of the child. If the child is severely ill, it is best to err on the side of caution and see a doctor immediately. If a doctor determines that the sore throat is caused by strep bacteria, then the common treatment is an antibiotic treatment which should quickly clear the problem, Sore throats from allergic reactions can be dealt with through identifying removing the cause of the allergic reaction or antihistamines in case of severe reactions.
Obviously, the key here is to understand the causes are and to ensure that you take steps to mitigate against them. For example, understanding that your child has an allergic reaction to a certain substance means that you take steps to ensure that your child does not come into contact with that allergen again.
It is also a good idea to teach your child to constantly wash his hands and to ensure that the child observes a high degree of hygiene and cleanliness especially during the flu season. If your child is unwell, please ensure that he or she stays at home until recovery to avoid infecting other children.
Understanding the common causes of sore throats will help you manage the condition when it arises in your family. Ultimately however, preventing occurrence is much better than treating the problem and this is where you should put a lot of focus so as to minimize infection.