Nasal polyps are associated with chronic sinusitis (sinuses that lasts more than three months) and the inflammation of your nasal passages’ lining. If your child is experiencing various symptoms of nasal polyps, it is pertinent that you start by consulting your primary care physician and an experienced ENT specialist. That’s where ENT for Children comes in! We specialize in the diagnostics and treatment of nasal polyps.
What Are Nasal Polyps?
They are usually noncancerous, painless, soft growths that form on the lining of a person’s nasal passages or sinuses. Nasal polyps are also known to hang down like a grape or a teardrop. They are often the result of chronic inflammation caused by certain immune disorders, drug sensitivity, allergies, recurring infection, or asthma.
Oftentimes, small nasal polyps may not cause symptoms. Larger growths block a patient’s nasal passages, which may lead to frequent infections, a lost sense of smell, and even breathing problems. Nasal polyps can affect anyone, but they are most common among young and middle-aged adults. However, children are known to develop nasal polyps as well.
What Are The Symptoms Of Nasal Polyps?
Since nasal polyps lack sensation and are soft by nature, one may not be aware that they have them. Problems will start to surface when these growths block your nasal passages and sinuses. This could indicate a large polyp or multiple growths. Common symptoms of nasal polyps include:
- A peculiar sense of pressure over the face and/or forehead
- Facial pain
- Decreased sense of smell
- Persistent stuffiness
- Runny nose
- Postnasal drip
- Loss of sense of taste
- Upper teeth pain
How Is The Diagnosis Established?
At ENT for Children, we usually make a diagnosis based on your child’s answers to questions about their symptoms. Next, we will conduct a general physical examination of our patient’s nose. We utilize state of the art illuminated instrument to highlight areas where polyps have developed. Other diagnostic tests that we are familiar with include:
- Cystic fibrosis tests
- Allergy tests
- Imaging studies
- Nasal endoscopy
How Are Nasal Polyps Treated?
Nasal polyp treatments usually begin with medication. The right drug and dosage can shrink large polyps or even erase them from existence. A doctor may prescribe nasal corticosteroid nasal sprays to help reduce inflammation. Next, oral or injectable corticosteroids may be administered if the previous option is not effective. However, oral and injectable corticosteroids may cause serious side effects. They are usually used to treat severe symptoms.
When it comes to treating nasal polyps, surgery is not ruled out. Endoscopic surgery has been used to remove polyps and correct sinus problems that make a person prone to polyp development. The procedure not only removes polyps, but other obstructions that block the flow of fluids in your sinuses as well. Once the procedure has been completed, your child may need to use a corticosteroid nasal spray to prevent the recurrence of nasal polyps. Healing can be promoted after surgery by using a saltwater (saline) rinse. However, the final decision is best made by your child’s doctor.