What’s adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy?
Tonsillectomy is basically a surgical procedure done on a person to remove tonsils. Tonsils are glands located at the back of ones throat and are usually two in number. They help fight infection by accommodating white cells. Suffice to say the tonsils themselves may become infected sometimes. The operation can also be a solution to treating breathing problems such as sleep apnea and heavy snoring.
Adenoidectomy is the removal of adenoids by an E.N.T doctor (ear, nose and throat. The adenoids are a mass of lymphoid tissue which are situated behind the nasal passages. It involves a simple surgical procedure whereby adenoids are extracted through the mouth hence no incisions are made apart from where the adenoid tissues once were.
Who Needs it?
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy are mainly common in children rather than adults. It is normally an option for those who more than often have found themselves sick from ear, nose or throat infections. According to extensive research done by doctors, adenoid and tonsil removal is a sure and effective way of treating sleep apnea. The specialists will first perform a sleep study of the child so as to get an accurate evaluation before going ahead with the surgical procedure.
Why Do The Procedure?
Both tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy have their own primary reasons as to why they need to be undertaken as listed below.
- Abnormally loud snoring
- Tonsils that are bleeding
- Sleep apnea (one stops breathing for a short period when asleep)
- Tonsils cancer
- Breathing difficulties which might be because of enlarged tonsils
- Chronic or recurring tonsils
- Nose blockage that results to nasal voiced sound as well as breathing through the mouth
- Continuous discharge from the nose
- As well as because of difficulty in eating
Adenoidectomy may only be recommended for kids by doctors mostly if they have frequent ear infections, sinus infections, recurring nasal blockages or continuous fluid collection in the middle ears.
Causes Of Enlarged Adenoids Or Tonsils
Most of the reasons as to why adenoids or tonsils occur may be because of uncontrollable reasons such as :
- Some children are just born with relatively large tonsils and adenoids
- They can become enlarged through viral or bacterial infection such as sore throat
- Allergic reaction
- Irritants such as aerosol sprays
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Being exposed to children or patients who have viral or bacterial infections at medical care centers
Surgery Duration and Recovery
The surgical procedure is usually an outpatient kind of surgery. Meaning that the operation is one that does not require an overnight hospital stay. The patient will leave the facility the very same day after the surgical procedure is done. This means that any added costs won’t be incurred. An anesthesiologist will be there to monitor the patient through the whole operation as well as ensure that the child is as comfortable as possible. It is advisable that the child should not take any medication that contains aspirin 10 days to the surgery. The recovery period usually does not take long. Usually a week or less. However it is best to schedule for a checkup after 10 to 14 days for the doctor to check on the child’s healing progress.
In conclusion, children’s health tends to be very sensitive especially when it comes to ear, nose and throat infections. It is best to always consult with an E.N.T (ear, nose and throat) specialist so as to avoid any future complications.